Workshop and panel discussion: Neurocognitive mechanisms for abstract concepts
Hosts: Friedmann Pulvermüller (Berlin) and Martin Fischer (Potsdam)
About this workshop and panel discussion
Little is known about the mechanisms underlying the processing of abstract concepts. How are abstract meanings processed by our mind and brain, how do they emerge, how are they interlinked with symbols or emerge in the use of these symbols? Part of the problem in finding an agreement on these questions is the fact that the word “abstract” itself has quite different meanings (or usages) and the abstractness of the words “democracy”, “beauty”, “love” and “everyone” may be categorically different. Therefore, it might be a good strategy to focus on one small and circumscribed problem, the detailed description of a few, or even just one, abstract concept(s).
Therefore, the panelists of this discussion round will elaborate their thoughts on specific abstract concepts of their own choice. Different types of abstract concepts may be addressed, for example the following: Abstract-perceptual concepts, as for example BEAUTIFUL, may be considered to relate to features of objects, abstract-action-related ones such as FORCEFUL to features of actions, and abstract-social ones such as DEMOCRATIC to ways of interacting between people. Abstract-internal concepts can relate to emotional states (HAPPY) – or to internal states that may appear as internalized versions of overt actions (THOUGHTFUL, where the thoughts can be made explicit as verbal utterances). Abstract-mathematical (SEVEN, MINUS) and abstract-logical concepts (AND, NOT) offer further fundamentally different subcategories. Considering examples from this rich set, will it be possible to define and meticulously describe these concepts with all their facets? Can we capture aspects of the neurobiological substrate underpinning them? And which theoretical frameworks succeed in providing workable modelS?
World renowned specialists from philosophy and linguistics, biology and neuroscience, mathematics and physics, and psychology and cognitive science along with local researchers from Berlin will contribute to this effort, which may, ideally, lead to a model of one or more abstract concepts all participants approve. In case this optimal outcome will not be achieved, there may still be much to learn about the nature of concepts and the suitability of theoretical approaches to semantics, conceptual processing and the neural basis of our mind.
14:00 Friedemann Pulvermüller, Berlin: Introduction; abstract symbolic grounding of CAUSE
14:20 Guy Dove, Louisville: Abstract concepts – Important questions to address
15:00 Anna Borghi, Rome: What do recent data tell us about abstract concepts?
15:40 Claudia Gianelli, Potsdam: Linguistic and individual differences: a challenge for the study of (abstract) concepts?
15:55 Luigi Grisoni, Berlin: Brain indicators of semantic prediction and resolution in affirmative and negated sentence processing
16:10 Coffee break
16:30 Michael A. Arbib, Los Angeles, San Diego: The Embodiment of the Octoplus
17:10 Art Glenberg, Phoenix/Tempe: How embodiment explains abstract concepts
17:50 Panel Discussion; chaired by Michael Pauen, Berlin
All are welcome!