Philosophy of mind group
Head of group: Professor Dr. Michael Pauen
Institute of Philosophy, HU Berlin
Berlin School of Mind and Brain, HU Berlin
Personal website: Link
Full professor at Institute of Philosophy, HU Berlin
Speaker and PI, Berlin School of Mind and Brain, HU Berlin
Speaker and PI, Research Training Group Extrospection 2386, HU Berlin
PI, Cluster of Excellence Science of Intelligence
Fellow, Max Planck School of Cognition, HU Berlin
PI and member of Scientific Board, Einstein Center for Neurosciences, Charité
- Dr. Dimitri Coelho Mollo (Cluster of Excellence “Science of Intelligence”, HU Berlin), website
- N.N. (Postdoc, Institute of Philosophy, HU Berlin)
- N.N. (Postdoc, “Max Planck School of Cognition”, HU Berlin)
(Ms) Anja Papenfuß
+49 30 2093-89769
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Berlin School of Mind and Brain
Professor Dr. Michael Pauen
Contact and visiting address
Luisenstraße 56, 10117 Berlin
North Wing, 2nd floor
Room 305 (Pauen), tel. +49 30 2093-89767
Room 316 (Coelho Mollo), tel. +49 30 2093-89755
Room 318 (Papenfuß), tel. +49 30 2093-89769
Philosophy of Mind at the Berlin School of Mind and Brain
Many of the core research topics at the Berlin School of Mind and Brain have a strong philosophical background. Philosophers have long been concerned with the relationship between mind and body, and between behavior and mental life. They have also worked extensively on perception, consciousness, the self, free will, and the relationship between language and thought; and they have discussed problems of psychological explanation and moral responsibility.
Philosophy therefore plays an important role in the research program of the Berlin School of Mind and Brain. The program provides theoretical frameworks and conceptual tools that help to integrate and focus empirical work. Philosophy also helps to assess the implications of empirical results for the relationship between mind, brain, and behavior. It is therefore essential for empirical research projects to be philosophically informed.
Philosophers at the school are predominantly interested in the philosophy of mind – which addresses questions about the nature of the mental – but also in epistemological and ethical questions related to mind and brain research, as well as in the philosophy of science – which discusses basic problems of scientific research.
Pauen's project Epistemology of extrospection is part of the DFG research training group RTG 2386 Extrospection, based at the Berlin School of Mind and Brain. As there are no absolute standards for epistemic merits, the epistemic disadvantage of extrospection, i.e. third person access to a person’s higher cognitive states, is typically argued for by comparison with introspection or – to a lesser extent – with third-person methods in natural science, most typically physics. E.g. introspection is said to be superior to extrospection because it provides direct first-person access to its objects. Extrospection, by contrast, seems to have limited access only to certain higher cognitive states, particularly to the notorious qualia. Members of that project make a comparative assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of extrospection, introspection, and, to a minor extent, third-person science.
Possible approaches include: (1) A comprehensive discussion of the epistemic merits and limitations of extrospection. Possible issues are the alleged “indirectness” of extrospection or the question whether transferring first-person data like verbal reports into objective models leads to a loss of information, validity and reliability. (2) A comparison of epistemic limitations of extrospection with similar problems of intro-spection and third-person science. One possible question will be whether introspective and third-person scientific knowledge is direct in the sense that extrospection is not. It can also be asked whether it might be complexity rather than the basic epistemic insufficiencies of extrospection that accounts for the problems concerning the description and explanation of higher cognitive phenomena from a third-person point of view.