Research positions  

4 - Introspection, extrospection and denial of privileged access in psychiatry

PI: Jun.-Professor Dr. Sascha Benjamin FINK

Contact: sfink-please remove this



To diagnose, a psychiatrist has to come to conclusions about the mental state of patients in a reasoned and evidence-based way. First-person introspective reports by patients are still used, but “privileged access” is not necessarily granted. Instead, third- and second-person methods (EEG, fMRI, behavior, etc.) as well as higher-order evidence (likelihood or coherence of reports) are consulted as well.

How are these different intro- and extrospective sources weighed and compared in psychiatric reasoning? The project intends to analyse its underlying structure with current philosophical tools, and investigates under which circumstances correcting or overwriting introspective reports of a patient by a psychiatrist is justifiable – and when it is not. The goal is to produce steps towards general models of psychiatric reasoning or the machinery underlying introspection, in part by focusing on concrete examples like the distinction between Charles-Bonnet- or Anton’s Syndrome as well as the distinction between hallucination and cognitive delusion. Cooperation with the psychiatrists of the Charité is planned.

Possible approaches include:

(1) Philosophy of mind: Work out models and mechanisms for introspective processes, which lay foundations for locating possible sources of introspective error by extrospective means,

(2) Epistemology: Systematise possible sources for introspective errors, how certain circumstances (e.g. gender of an interlocutor, open vs. yes-no question, pathology, etc.) aggravate certain errors,

(3) Methodology: Model how evidences from different intro- and extrospective methods interact, are weighed, and compared,

(4) Philosophy of psychiatry: Focus on specific pathologies or case studies in order to elucidate whether, for this case, it is justifiable to distrust or trust the reports of an individual.

Requirements for research topic 4

(1) The desire to engage with and contribute to international scientific literature,
(2) The ability to engage with relevant psychiatric and philosophical literature,
(3) Familiarity with contemporary literature in philosophy of mind, epistemology, or theories of reasoning,
(4) Willingness and aptitude for interdisciplinary interaction and collaboration,
(5) Willingness to fully participate in the research, education and training program of the RTG,
(6) Proficiency in English,
(7) Master's degree in a relevant field.

The application requirements and procedures below apply to doctoral applications in April 2020 only!!!

Applications for research topic 4

(1) A proposal for a doctoral project in research topic 4: "Introspection, extrospection and denial of privileged access in psychiatry" (max. 5 pages in Arial 11, single spaced, plus max. 3 pages references),
(2) A meaningful letter of motivation (max. 2 pages),
(3) Full academic CV,
(4) Copies/scans of Bachelor's and Master's certificates,
(5) Transcript of records for Master's degree.

Please send the above in one PDF file of no more than 7 MB.

Please name the file as follows: YourName_RTG_Topic4

Application address

mb-extrospection-please remove this


Two letters of reference should be sent directly to: Dr. Dirk Mende, mb-extrospection-please remove this

Guidelines for referees for Topic 4 - please send them to your referees: to follow

This page last updated on: 08 June 2020